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魏学,石岚,谷新波.1960-2017年额济纳胡杨林观赏期旅游气候舒适度分析[J].沙漠与绿洲气象,2019,13(5):94~99
1960-2017年额济纳胡杨林观赏期旅游气候舒适度分析
Analysis on tourism climatic comfortable of Populus Euphratica forest during ornamental period in Ejina Banner from 1960 to 2017
投稿时间:2019-01-07  修订日期:2019-03-11
DOI:10.12057/j.issn.1002-0799.2019.05.014
中文关键词:  额济纳旗  胡杨林  人体舒适度  旅游气候舒适度
英文关键词:Ejina Banner  Populus Euphratica  Human comfort index  Tourism climatic comfortable index
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)
作者单位E-mail
魏学 内蒙古赤峰市气象局 cfqxwx@163.com 
石岚 内蒙古自治区气象局  
谷新波 内蒙古自治区气象局  
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中文摘要:
      利用额济纳旗1960-2017年9月下旬-10月下旬气象资料,分析了最佳观赏期内人体舒适度指数、温湿指数、风寒指数、着衣指数、旅游气候舒适度。结果表明,近58年来,研究区平均气温和最低气温呈上升趋势,相对湿度和风速呈减小趋势;胡杨林景区最佳观赏期人体舒适度指数、温湿指数、旅游气候舒适度指数呈上升趋势,风寒指数、着衣指数呈下降趋势;旅游气候舒适度、人体舒适度指数、温湿指数均与平均气温、最低气温呈极显著正相关关系,与风速呈极显著负相关关系,风寒指数、着衣指数分别与平均气温、最低气温呈极显著负相关关系,与风速呈极显著正相关关系(P<0.01),气温升高是人体舒适度和气候旅游舒适度变化的主导因子。
英文摘要:
      Based on meteorological data of Ejina Banner from late September 1960 to late October 2017, the human comfort index, temperature-humidity index, wind chill index, index of cloth loading and tourism climatic comfortable index were analyzed during the optimum ornamental period. The results showed that average temperature and minimum temperature in the study area showed an upward trend, while relative humidity and wind speed showed a downward trend in the past 58 years. The human comfort index, temperature-humidity index and tourism climatic comfortable index of the best ornamental period of Populus Euphratica showed an upward trend, while the wind chill index and index of cloth loading showed a downward trend. Tourism climatic comfortable index, human comfort index, temperature-humidity index were positively correlated with average temperature and minimum temperature(P<0.01), negatively correlated with wind speed. Wind chill index and index of cloth loading were negatively correlated with average temperature and minimum temperature respectively, and positively correlated with wind speed. The increase of temperature was the dominant factor for the increase of human comfort index and tourism climatic comfortable index.
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